By Dr. Almasa Mulalić
Russia's role in the region, for example, is related to the intrusion of integrative processes with the West and the European Union, and China's investment in infrastructure and industry is seen as a vital source of finance, making China to be recognized as perhaps the most serious upcoming player. Other countries such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are considered as political factors that can undermine already fragile relations between states and between communities in the region. It is clear that the emphasis is on the possible strengthening of so-called Islamic extremism, thus again put Bosnia and Herzegovina under a special loupe.
In early February 2018, the European Union (EU) Strategy for the Western Balkans (WB) was presented in Strasbourg,and it represents a framework for the integration of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia and Serbia into the EU. The strategy requires the authorities in the WB to invest more efforts and “deliver on the well-known conditions for accession”, as well as to promote the establishment of a common economic space and launch the economic development in the Balkans. One of the objectives is the improvement of the institutional connectivity of the WB with the EU. The strategy promotes six initiatives related to the rule of law, security and migration, socio-economic development, transport and energy connectivity, digital agenda, reconciliation and good neighborly relations, and it is considered a geostrategic plan for investing in a stable, strong and united Europe based on common values.
The problems of the Western Balkans (WB), especially Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), became part of the debate within international and national institutions and forums, but certainly different in terms of quality and level of access. One of the most important institutions that devoted its attention to the WB region is the British House of the Lords (or their Select Committee on International Relations) which held very important discussions on contemporary trends in the WB and its future. In this regard, the conclusions they have made, as the very course of the debate, present a valuable insight into British politics towards this part of Europe, and the accent and recommendations they have made are becoming the subject of closer research in attempt to understand the steps that the United Kingdom will undertake. Undoubtedly, this is the reason why the domestic, BiH perspective should make an effort which would lead to the creation of its better position within the political interests of this world power.
The migrant crisis that began in 2013 is characterized by a massive and predominantly irregular migration of people from North Africa and the Middle East (MENA) countries to the European Union (EU). EU member states were affected primarily by security issues provoked by this crisis which also revealed specific weaknesses of the EU immigration policy.
It is not an easy task to determine the strategy of the Bosnian foreign policy in the Western Balkans (WB), where several states are trying to establish their domination, especially if the considerably different interests of the three constituent peoples of BiH are taken into account, and that two neighboring countries – Serbia and Croatia - have a direct or indirect impact on the politics of BiH.
Unlike the European economic area that the Western Balkans (WB) mostly depends on, it would be much more difficult to achieve that WB states become primarily part of a new common economic community established by China, Russia and Turkey.